Hue has long been chosen by the Nguyen Lords as the capital of “Dang Trong” and officially became the capital under the Tay Son dynasty.For nearly 4 centuries, Hue has become a complex of architectural monuments and beautiful landscapes, overall this monument has been recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage.Located on the north of the Huong River, the overall architecture of the capital is built on an area of over 500 hectares and is limited by 3 walls with its size respectively small inside, big outside: Imperial Place, Imperial Citadel and Forbidden City.
Main gateway into Hue Imperial CityThis architecture uses Ngu Binh mountain as a criminal record and uses two small islands on the Huong River, Con Hen and Da Vien, as feng shui elements (Dragon in the left and White Tiger in the right)to protect the capital.
Ngo Mon Quan, Hue
Hue Imperial City: Built by Gia Long King in 1805 and later completed by Emperor Minh Mang in 1832. at that time, Nguyen Dynasty kings had built many citadels, palaces and buildings of Royal. After nearly 200 years, the city is still almost intact with nearly 140 constructions, large and small.Citadel is square with a perimeter of 10 km, 6.6 meters high and 21 meters thick, including 10 doors. Around and right on the citadel are set up 24 fortresses for defense. There is also an auxiliary door connected with Tran Binh Dai called Thai Binh Mon.
Big Hue Imperial City
The Citadel: Located in the middle of the imperial city is the seat of the highest organs of the monarchy and the place to worship the deceased kings. The Citadel has a square ground, about 600 meters each, built of bricks, 4 meters high and 1 meter thick surrounded by protection trench. There are 4 doors to enter, and Ngo Mon Gate is only for the King to go. The Citadel consists of more than 100 beautiful architectural works divided into many areas:
From Ngo Mon to Thai Hoa Palace: The place where royal ceremonies are celebrated. Trieu Mieu, Thai Mieu, Hung Mieu, The Mieu and Phung Tien palace: places of worship for the Nguyen kings and the interior government: treasure houses, workshops for making utensils for the Royal Family, Co Ha Garden and Kham Palace Van: where the princes study and play.
The photos of Hue Imperial City now and in the past
Forbidden City: is a citadel located in the Imperial Palace right behind the Thai Hoa palace. The Forbidden City is exclusive to the king and his family. Forbidden City was built in 1804 with its height 3.72 meter, wall is made of bricks, 0.72 meters thick, perimeter of about 1230 meters, 324 meters long in front and back, left and right more than 290 meters, including nearly 50 buildings, large and small, and 7 doors.
Dai Cung Mon is the main door in the front for the King to enter. Can Chanh (where the king works daily). Can Thanh (where the king is), Cung Khon Thai (the residence of Hoang Quy Phi). Duyet Thi Duong (theater), Thuong Thien (where cooking for kings). Thai Binh Lau (where the king read books) …
In addition, Hue is famous for the tombs of Nguyen kings. Seven tombs, each tomb has its own nuance but are the feats of human art combined with the majestic and beautiful natural scenery of Hue.